Occupational health

4 elemental occupational health services you should know about

The primary objective of occupational health services for employees all around the world is regulation of workplace safety standards irrespective of the employment mode and size of geographic or workplace location. Find out more below;

  1. Risk assessment & surveillance of work environment

Monitoring of the workplace environment is among the key activities of basic occupational health services. It’s performed to determine hazardous exposures and many other conditions of the corporate setting, identification of workers and assessment of various groups of workers. Considerable factors are;

  • Ergonomic factors that may affect worker’s health
  • Occupational hygiene conditions such as physical, chemical and biological exposures that poses health risk to workers
  • Employee exposure to hostile psychological factors and work organisation aspects
  • Risk of major hazards and occupational accidents
  • Systems designed to control, eliminate, prevent or reduce exposure to the dangers

Data from the assessment of workplace environment is then combined with details extracted from health surveillance for evaluation of the risk. It includes;

  • Determination of occupational health hazards
  • Analysis of the hazard level and how it may affect the worker
  • Documentation of the groups and individuals with special vulnerabilities
  • Evaluation of hazard control standards
  • Conclude and recommend risk management and control regulations
  • Periodic review and reassessment of risks if necessary

  1. Health examinations & surveillance

Various health examinations would determine overall wellbeing of the workers.Primary purpose is assessing suitability of a worker to successfully perform certain job, identify health impairment that may be due to exposure to harmful agents either transmuted from others or a result of exposure to the environment. Following types of health assessments are performed on the basis of occupational health practices;

  • Pre-employment evaluations
  • Periodic health checks
  • Return to work health assessment
  • Health examination at the end of service agreement
  1. Advice on control & preventive measures

Occupational health services propose appropriate prevention and control measures for elimination to exposure of danger and for the protection of worker’s health. Control measures should be clear, consistent and adequate to prevent unnecessary exposure under normal working conditions and during certain emergencies and accidents. Here’re a few guidelines;

  • Control of the hazardous source
  • Ventilation or maintenance technology
  • Dust control
  • Ergonomic measures
  • Regulation of thermal conditions

  1. Health awareness, promotion & raise workability

Predetermined corporate health hazards and risks must be communicated clearly to the responsible managers for appropriate implementation of prevention and control measures. To ensure proper comprehension and use of details, the employer is liable to aware his workers on known risks and hazards, preventive measures, protection and safety protocols. The information and education include the following;

  • Employees have the right to know and receive unceasing information and training on hazard prevention programmes.
  • Confidential health details of each individual worker subject to special legislations and practices.


Health and productivity at work mustn’t be compromised at any cost and occupational health services sees to it with defined standards and professional protocols for the betterment of all.

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