Knee Replacement

Understanding The Various Types of Knee Replacement Surgeries

A knee replacement surgery is one of the most complicated surgical procedures and hence comes with its fair share of risks. Thus a knee replacement surgery is not very commonly advised by doctors until and unless there is an absolute need for it. So if your doctor is advising knee surgery, then probably medication and physiotherapy have already failed.

Well, if you are wondering about the risk of knee replacement surgery and want to know is knee replacement surgery successful, then it is safe to say that in most cases, you do find successful surgeries. Risks and complications are always there, but when done by expert hands, it is not something that cannot be handled. All that you need to know is which type of knee replacement surgery you need. Depending on the level of damage and the progression of knee osteoarthritis, your doctor will advise which type of knee replacement surgery you might need. Let us take a look at the different types of knee replacement surgeries that there are:

  1. Total knee replacement: When the damage is quite extensive and almost the entire joint needs to be replaced, then this type of surgery is opted for by the surgeons. In this surgery, the joining surface of the thigh bone or the femur and the shin bone or the tibia is completely replaced by an artificial covering so that you can regain proper mobility and also have a pain free knee.
  2. Revision or complex knee replacement: While one knee replacements is enough for most of the people, there are a few unfortunate ones who suffer from a severe case of arthritis and hence the surgery needs to be done quite a number of times. Well this is a rather complex process and doctors try to avoid this as much as possible, but sometimes when the damage is extensive and in most cases growing, this is the way that is opted for.
  3. Kneecap replacement surgery: Often the groove and the surface under the knee cap gets affected by arthritis. If this is the only region that has been affected then instead of going for a total knee replacement surgery, doctors often tend to opt for this one, since it is less invasive and will take lesser time to get better. This is one way of addressing the area where the problem exactly is. It is also known as patell of emoralarthroplasty.
  4. Partial knee replacement: This is also another type which will treat only the affected area of the knee. If your inner side has been affected then this type of surgery is the way to go for since its success rate is quite high.

So the question What is the best total knee replacement when it comes to knee replacement will be best answered by your doctor after evaluating the extent of your damage. You might be faced with some questions and doubts and if you are then you can always ask for a second opinion and get the advice confirmed.

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